Florida Atlantic University – Harbor Branch hosted the virtual 2021 Indian River Lagoon (IRL) Symposium on February 18 – 19, 2021. The symposium is the result of a multi-institutional, multi-agency effort to provide a forum for better understanding Indian River Lagoon science and its application to management of the Lagoon. The theme for the 2021 symposium was IRL Research during the Pandemic. With funding support provided by the Indian River Lagoon National Estuary Program, proceedings of the IRL Symposium were printed as a special edition of Florida Scientist (Volume 84, Numbers 2–3, 2021). The papers submitted as part of the special edition are available below.


Reassessing the biodiversity of the Indian River Lagoon

By: M. Dennis Hanisak and Duane E. De Freese

Microalgal diversity in the Indian River Lagoon system: how little we know

By: Paul E. Hargraves

Macroalgal biodiversity of the Indian River Lagoon: updating the puzzle

By: M. Dennis Hanisak

A negative association between recruitment of the eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica and the brown tide Aureoumbra lagunensis in Mosquito Lagoon, Florida

By: Linda J. Walters, Edward J. Phlips, Susan Badylak, Giovanna McClenahan, Paul E. Sacks and Melinda J. Donnelly

Diversity and distribution of seagrasses as related to salinity, temperature, and availability of light in the Indian River Lagoon, Florida

By: Lori J Morris, Lauren M Hall, Jan D Miller, Margaret A Lasi, Robert H Chamberlain, Robert W Virnstein, and Charles A Jacoby

Can we plant seagrass as part of restoration? A proposal, using small plots, volunteers, and feedback loops?

By: Robert Virnstein

Insights from 15 years of benthic infaunal monitoring in a coastal lagoon system

By: L. Holly Sweat, Michelle Stephens, and Sherry A. Reed

Does the benthic invertebrate community reflect disturbances in the central Indian River Lagoon?

By: Ann Wassick, Kelli Hunsucker, and Geoffrey Swain

Boating impacts and boat-wake resilient restoration of the eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica in Mosquito Lagoon, Florida, USA

By: Linda J. Walters, Paul E. Sacks and Donna E. Campbell

Regionalization of scar patterns on the Florida Manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) observed at Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute, Florida

By: Lauren G. Gomez and Jon A. Moore

Opinion Mining of Newspaper Articles using Natural Language Processing: Pilot Test Using Texts on Indian River Lagoon

By: Manit Bhusal, Juan Calderon, and Hyun Jung Cho

Biodiversity of the Indian River Lagoon System: a cautionary tale from the birds

By: Richard L. Turner

Risks to Indian River Lagoon biodiversity caused by climate change

By: Randall W. Parkinson, Valerie Seidel, Clay Henderson, and Duane De Freese